When evaluating the safety of any medical intervention, it is important not only to consider the immediate potential complications but also to evaluate the potential for associated long-term health effects.
Research on abortion’s potential long-term health consequences has focused on reproductive and mental health outcomes, as well as other outcomes including breast cancer risk and premature death.
Side effects may occur with induced abortion, whether surgical or by pill. These include abdominal pain and cramping, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Abortion also carries the risk of significant complications such as bleeding, infection, and damage to organs. Serious complications occur in less than 1 out of 100 early abortions and in about 1 out of every 50 later abortions. Complications may include:
- Heavy Bleeding
- Incomplete Abortion
- Damage to the Cervix
- Scarring of the Uterine Lining
- Perforation of the Uterus
- Damage to Internal Organs
- Consider Other Risks of Abortion
- Abortion and Preterm Birth for future pregnancies
- Links to Abortion and Breast Cancer
Emotional and Psychological Impact of Abortion
There is evidence that abortion is associated with a decrease in both emotional and physical health. For some women, these negative emotions may be very strong and can appear within days or after many years. This psychological response is a form of post-traumatic stress disorder. Possible symptoms:
- Eating disorders
- Relationship problems
- Flashbacks of abortion
- Suicidal thoughts
- Sexual dysfunction
- Alcohol and drug abuse
- Spiritual Consequences